A SPOTLIGHT ON ...
(click on a colour plate
to view the galleries)
Johannesburg War Museum
wk/nr 110305 flew operationally with Kurt Welters 10./NJG11 at
Magdeburg. Whilst at this location it boasted all-black undersurfaces
and also mostly black engine nacelles. 'Red 8' is the only
genuine night fighter version of the Me262 which has survived to the
present day - yet 110305 was one of a trio of night fighters collected
by the RAE's Aerodynamic Flight at Schleswig during the summer of
1945. The other two were 'Red 12', wk/nr 111980, which
was subsequently destroyed in a gale at Brize Norton in 1947, and 'Red
10', wk/nr 110635, supposedly scrapped at No 6 Maintenance
Unit (MU), also at Brize Norton that same year. 'Red 8' was
ferried to the UK on 19th May 1945 by Wg Cdr RJ 'Roly' Falk,
via Twente, Gilze-Rijen and Melsbroek. It was then flown by Wg Cdr
Gonsalvez from the RAE to RNAS Ford, and used for radar and
tactical trials from 6th July 1945. Ascribed Air Ministry No50 and
RAF serial VH519, this aircraft was damaged on its first
landing at Ford, but was quickly repaired.
Deutsches Museum, Munich
Thanks to Ingemar Melin,
Thomas Sivhed, both of Sweden, and the UK`s Francis
Farquharson for these fine detail shots of Munichs `Weisse 3`
displayed in the Deutsche Museum. For detailed information on White 3`s
last wartime flight, please click here to read
Bert Hartmann`s translation of Hans Guido Mutke`s personal
statement. Thanks for the hard work Bert!
Me262A-1a, (Wk.nr500491) NASM,
for picture gallery
When surrendered to the
Allies on 8 May 1945, Me 262A-la wk/nr 500491, 'Yellow 7'
had seven kill markings painted on the rear of its fuselage. This
aircraft had been the personal mount of Ofw Heinz Arnold, who
flew with 11./JG 7 from Brandenburg-Briest. On 3 March 1945
Arnold had opened his Me 262 kill-account with two aircraft destroyed-
a P-47 and B-17, both near Genthin. Four days later over
Wittenberg, he claimed a P51 Mustang. On 18 March, Arnold
submitted claims for a pair of P51`s that had fallen to his cannon
fire, followed by a single B17 on the19th and 21st. He claimed a
further two B-17s on 22 and 24 March, Wk/nr 5000491 was unserviceable
at Alt Loennewitz when, on 16 or 17 April, Arnold took a replacement
Me 262A-lb into an action from which he failed to return. Ofw Heinz
Arnold had been one of a very small, and highly select, group of
pilots who had become an ace on both jet- and piston-engine aircraft
during World War 2; he had earlier scored 42 victories with JG 5
over the Eastern Front, prior to scoring seven, or perhaps even nine,
victories with Me 262A-la wk/nr 500491. Having scored all his jet
kills over such a short period of time, it is likely that he would
been awarded the Knight's Cross had he survived.
On 18 April wk/nr 500491 was flown from Alt Loennewitz to Saaz,
whereupon it became the aircraft of Lt Muller, who flew it until the
end of the war. Muller made the final Luftwaffe flight of wk/nr 500491
when he flew from Prague-Ruzyne to Lager Lechfeld on 8 May. He later
said that he handed this aircraft over to Karl Baur, the former
chief test pilot of experimental aircraft for Messerschmitt
who, by this stage, was working for the USAAF, and leading the
training of American aircrews on the new jets. However, M/Sgt
Eugene Freiburger accepted the surrender of wk/nr 500491 and its
pilot, Lt Muller.
At Lager-Lechfeld it was allocated Watson's Whizzers' number
888, and was initially christened 'Dennis' after Eugene Freiburger's
son. When Col Watson's team of pilots arrived at Lechfeld, it was renamed Julie' and then
'Ginny H'. After leaving lager Lechfeld, wk/nr
500491 was flown to (Cherbourg, via Melun, by Lt James K Holt,
before being shipped to the USA on HMS Reaper and ascribed
Foreign Equipment No FE-III for use in USAAF trials. It was
located firstly at Wright Field in August 1945, and then at Freeman
Field the following month, before being transferred to No 803 Special
Depot, Park Ridge, Illinois, during July 1946, and placed in storage.
By 1950, wk/nr 500491 had been moved to the National Air and Space
Museum's Silver Hill annex in Maryland. Restoration at the Paul E
Garber Preservation Restoration and Storage Facility at this location
commenced in 1978, and extensive corrosion in the nose was discovered.
Over 6000 hours were consumed in the successful transformation of this
aircraft back to it's original configuration, and it now resides in
the National Air and Space Museum, in Washington DC.
from `Stormbird Rising` by Hugh Morgan
Me262A-1a, Cosford Aerospace
for picture gallery
One of the
Me262`s to be surrendered at Fassberg, along with Australia's `Black X`,
this machine was assigned to I/JG7 and flew as `Yellow 7`. She was
initially damaged on landing during a ferry flight piloted by Wing
Commander Schrader. After repair, Sqdn Leader Moloney flew the 262 to
Farnborough from Copenhagen/Kastrup. Following evaluation by the RAe,
she took her first flight from Farnborough in the September 0f 1945,
designated `AirMin51`, and flew trials by the RAe between September and
After a long period in storage, she was displayed at several RAF bases
until her final move to Cosford, where she is now based.
Me262A-2a, Australian War
500200`s history remains unclear, although we do know that she was
built at Regensburg in March 1945, from the same batch which the
Deutsche Museums `White 3` was built.. It is currently believed that
she operated with II/KG51. For a more detailed history of this
machine, please visit Dave Browns site, The
Australian Connection, which had a wealth of detail on this bird.
The build quality of 500200 was, to say the least, questionable, with
very poor alignment of major components, and roughly sawn metal, a
sign of the desperate conditions in which the German war machine had
to operate in the final stages of the war.
Black X had indeed fought in combat during it`s brief life in
operation. The spent cartridge chutes were dented, proving shell
ejection, and also, a single .50 caliber round was found within one of
it`s wings during an exploratory. She also remains the only 262 left
in existence, to wear her original, albeit worn, colours. Her markings
show both the Unit signatures along with the Air Ministry colours
applied at Farnborough, where she was allocated reference `AirMin81`.
After a period on display, she was dismantled and placed in storage.
She, though, now currently is displayed in a stripped down condition
at the AWM, pending a possible rebuild in the near future.
Me262A-1a Werke Nr: 112372
Aerospace Museum, England, United Kingdom
Me262A-1a Werke Nr 500491
National Air Space Museum, USA
Me262B-1a/U1 Werke Nr 110305
Museum, South Africa
of Fame, Chino, USA
Me262A-1a U.S. Navy
Dayton, Ohio, USA
Me262A-1b Werke Nr 500071
S92 & CS92 Single seat/two seat fighter